The
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US Army History Army Study Guide

What date was the Army flag dedicated?
14 June 1956, it was approved 12 June 1956

What is the oldest part of the U.S. Army?
The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America’s first militia
regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)

When was the U.S. Army created?
June 14, 1775

Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
General of the Army George Washington

When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
19 April, 1775

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 04, 1776

The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of
1778? Baron Fredreich von Steuben

What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?.S. Army History
He taught the Continental Army:
A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.
Proper care of equipment.
The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).
He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.
Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.

What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the
"Constitution"? The Articles of Confederation

The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became
known as what? The Louisiana Purchase

Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army
Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's
"Blue Book"? General Winfield Scott

What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".
The Hand Salute, How to conduct a march, How to make a good stew for the company

What is the bloodiest war in American history?
The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.

When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
The Civil War being in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.

The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?
More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under
Confederate control as of what date?
01 January 1863.

Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
12 July 1862.

Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?
01 July 1863

General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
09 april, 1865

Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
Dr. Mary E. Walker
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