Field Sanitation

What are the 4 types of waste?
1.        Human
2.        Liquid
3.        Garbage
4.        Rubbish

What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
5 gallons

A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
100 ft

What is Potable water?
Water that is safe to drink

What are the measurements of a straddle trench?
1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep

How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
36 gallons

How deep is a cat hole?
6 to 12 inches

What is a communicable disease?
A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person

What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation?
1.        Fingers
2.        Feces
3.        Flies
4.        Foods
5.        Fluids

What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
Immunization and personal hygiene

What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team?
FM 4-25.12

What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation?
FM 21-10

What is Field Sanitation?
The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding
food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.

What is a vector?
Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus

What is palatable water?
Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe


What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?
1.        Respiratory
2.        Intestinal
3.        Insect borne
4.        Venereal
5.        Miscellaneous

What are some diseases carried by the fly?
•        Typhoid
•        Cholera
•        Dysentery

What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?
1.        Drink only from approved sources
2.        Conserve water
3.        Do not contaminate your sources

What are the three most common poison plants?
1.        Poison ivy
2.        Poison oak
3.        Poison sumac

Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?
At least 100 meters downhill or downstream

What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
•        Malaria
•        Dengue
•        Yellow Fever
•        Encephalitis
•        Filariasis

What are some methods for human waste disposal?
•        Straddle trench
•        Mound latrine
•        Burn out latrine
•        Deep pit
•        Bore hole latrines
•        Pail latrines
•        Urine soak pits

How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?
30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.

Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one
time?
8 percent

Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?
•        Common diarrhea,
•        Leptospirosis
•        Cholera
•        Dysentery
•        Bacillary
•        Typhoid
•        Paratyphoid fever

What are two ways to purify water?
1.        Iodine tablets
2.        Boiling

Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
Medical personnel
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