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Measure Distance on a Map
071-329-1008



Conditions: Given a standard 1:50,000-scale military map, a strip of paper with a straight edge, and a pencil.

Standards: 1. Determine the straight-line distance between two points in meters, with no more than 5 percent error.

2. Determine the road (curved line) distance between two points in meters, with no more than 10 percent error.

Performance Steps
1.        Identify the scale of the map. The map scale is the ratio (1:50,000) of the distance on map (1 inch) relative to the distance on the ground (usually 50,000 inches).
2.        Convert a straight-line map distance to miles, meters, or yards using the map's bar scale (Figure 071-329-1008-1).

Figure 1. Bar scales.

a.        For map distances equal to or less than one inch--
(1)        Line up the straight edge of a strip of paper with the beginning and ending points on the map.
(2)        Mark on the straight edge of the paper the beginning and ending points (Figure 071-329-1008-2).

Figure 2. Measuring distance.

(3)        Match the marks on the paper with the appropriate bar scale (Figure 071-329-1008-3).

Figure 3. Determining distance.

(4)        Determine the distance on the scale that compares to the distance on the paper.
b.        For map distances greater than one inch--
(1)        Line up the straight edge of a strip of paper with the beginning and ending points on the map.
(2)        Mark the beginning and ending points on the straight edge of the paper (Figure 071-329-1008-2).
(3)        Place the starting point on the paper under the zero on the bar scale.
(4)        Measure off 4,000 meters and place a new tick mark on the paper.
(5)        Place the new tick mark under the zero on the bar scale.
(6)        Determine if the end point falls within the bar scale.
( a)        Record the value on the scale of the end point, if the end point fits on the scale.
( b)        Add 4,000 meters to this value (a) to get the total difference.
(7)        Determine if the end point falls outside the bar.
( a)        Repeat steps 2b(4) and (5) until the end point falls within the bar.
( b)        Add 4,000 meters to the value you derived in step 2b(6)(a) for each time you performed step 2b(4). This is the total difference.
3.        Convert a road map distance to miles, meters, or yards using the map's bar scale. This is the actual distance you have to travel to reach the point whose
straight line distance you identified in step 2.
a.        Line up the straight edge of a strip of paper with the beginning point and the point where the road makes the first curve on the map.
b.        Mark on the straight edge of the paper the beginning and curve points.
c.        Repeat steps 3a and b, each time using the point of the curve as the next beginning point, until you reach the end point.
d.        Use this step (3.) to determine the road distance in miles, meters, or yards as appropriate.
(1)        If the total distance measured on the paper is equal to or less than 1 inch, use steps 2a(3) and (4).
(2)        If the total distance measured on the paper is more than 1 inch, use steps 2b(3) through (7).

Evaluation Preparation: SETUP: In the field or classroom, give the Soldier a 1:50,000-scale military map, a strip of paper with a straight edge, and a pencil. On the
map, plot a straight-line distance of 3,000 to 4,000 meters. Mark this distance points A and B. On a road or trail, plot a curved-line distance of 3,000 to 4,000 meters
with at least two changes of direction. Mark this distance points C and D.

BRIEF SOLDIER: Tell the Soldier to determine the straight-line distance between points A and B with no more than 5 percent error, and the curved-line distance
between points C and D with no more than 10 percent error. The Soldier must either write down the correct answers or state them when asked by the scorer.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Performance Measures        GO        NO-GO
1.        Identified the scale of the map.                                                                                                                                                                                                       ——        ——
2.        Converted the straight-line map distance to miles, meters or yards using the map's bar scale, with no more than 5 percent error.                       ——        ——
3.        Converted the road map distance to miles, meters, or yards using the map's bar scale, with no more than 10 percent error.                                 ——        ——

Evaluation Guidance: Score the Soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the Soldier NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If the Soldier
scores NO-GO, show the Soldier what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References
Required        Related
FM 3-25.26      
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