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React to Man-to-Man Contact

Conditions: Faced with an unarmed threatening adversary.

Standards: Maintain situational awareness; remain calm and gain control using combatives.

Performance Steps
Note: Soldiers must be prepared to use different levels of force in an environment where conflict may change from low to high intensity over a matter of hours. Many
military operations, such as peace keeping missions (SASO) or noncombatant evacuations, may restrict the use of deadly weapons. Hand-to-hand combatives
training will save lives when an unexpected confrontation occurs. Basic Principles. Underlying all combative techniques are principles the hand-to-hand Soldier
must apply to defeat an opponent. The natural progression of techniques, as presented in FM 3-25.150 (FM 21-150), Combatives, will instill these principles into the

Note: This task is only a basic introduction to combatives. For advanced combatives, refer to FM 3-25.150 (Combatives).
1.        Maintain situational awareness; opportunity, weapons, and other personnel.
2.        Remain calm; maintain advantage of the changing battlefield situation; maintain a base and dominant body position.
3.        Use hand-to-hand techniques to gain and maintain the superior position.
a.        Back Mount. Wrap both legs around the enemy with the heels "hooked" inside their legs. One arm is under an armpit and the other is around the neck and the
hands are clasped. (Figure 071-000-0006-1)

Figure 071-000-0006-1. Back mount.

Note: The back mount gives the Soldier the best control of the fight. From this position it is very difficult for the enemy to either defend themselves or counterattack.
Even though a Soldier may find himself/herself with his/her own back on the ground, this is still the back mount and they still have control of the fight.
b.        Front Mount. Knees are as high as possible toward the enemy's armpits. This position should be held loosely to allow the enemy to turn over if they should try.
(Figure 071-000-0006-2)

Figure 071-000-0006-2. Front mount.

Note: The front mount is a dominant position because it allows the Soldier to strike the enemy with punches without the danger of effective return punches, and also
provides the leverage to attack the enemy's upper body with joint attacks.
c.        Guard. It is important initially for the Soldier to lock his/her feet together behind the enemy's back to prevent them from simply pushing the Soldier's knees
down and stepping over them. (Figure 071-000-0006-3)

Figure 071-000-0006-3. Guard.

Note: If the Soldier must be on the bottom, the guard position allows the best defense and the only chance of offense.
d.        Side Control. The Soldier should place his/her elbow on the ground in the notch created by the enemy's head and shoulder. His/her other hand should be
palm down on the ground on the near side of the enemy. The leg closest to the enemy's head should be straight and the other one bent so that the knee is near the
enemy's hip. The Soldier should keep his/her head down to avoid knee strikes. (Figure 071-000-0006-4)

Figure 071-000-0006-4. Side control.

Note: Although the side control is not a dominant position, many times the Soldier will find himself/herself in this position, and he/she must be able to counter the
enemy's defensive techniques.

Distance. Each technique has a window of effectiveness based upon the amount of space between the two combatants. The Soldier must control the distance
between himself/herself and the enemy in order to control the fight.

Physical Balance. Balance refers to the ability to maintain equilibrium and to remain in a stable, upright position.

Leverage. A Soldier uses the parts of his/her body to create a natural mechanical advantage over the parts of the enemy's body. By using leverage, a Soldier can
have a greater effect on a much larger enemy.

Evaluation Preparation: If using a sawdust pit, inspect all sandbags on retaining wall before conduct of training to ensure bags are serviceable, at least 75 percent
are full, and the entire retaining wall is covered with sandbags. Any bag placed where personnel are likely to fall will be filled with the same consistency filler as the
sawdust in the
pit and will provide a minimum of 6 inches of sawdust.

Maintain a buffer zone 6 feet from the retainer wall and demonstration area during all training, especially training requiring throws and takedowns by Soldiers.

Rake the training pit to loosen sawdust and remove all sharp objects. Properly inspect the pit so all safety hazards are removed prior to instruction or
demonstrations are executed.

Perform inspections of the depth of sawdust with enough time before training to resurface the pit. Remember to rake and inspect new sawdust for foreign objects
that may cause injuries.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Performance Measures        GO        NO-GO
1.        Maintained situational awareness.                                                                                                                                                                                         ——        ——
2.        Remained calm.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ——        ——
3.        Demonstrated hand-to-hand techniques.                                                                                                                                                                             ——        ——
4.        Maintained superior position and demonstrated the follow techniques:                                                                                                                        ——        ——
a.        Back mount.                
b.        Front mount.                
c.        Guard.                
d.        Side control.                

Evaluation Guidance: Reinforce the details of each technique and provide positive feedback when warranted. Supervise all practical work closely and constantly.
Never leave a group unsupervised. If a Soldier fails to conduct movement correctly, have the Soldier repeat movement until executed correctly.

Required        Related
FM 3-25.150      
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